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OTTISSIPPI: Ch. 9 #2 — Biographies of Indian Chiefs cont.

Below are other chiefs in and near Southeast Michigan and the Bluewater area of Lake Huron and Ontario.

Adams, Telford, Stony Point Chief


Agheezhig, Nabun, also Maobbinnakizhick, “Hazy Cloud”, Chief at Grand River near Ada (Ewing)

Ahbettuhwahnuhgund, “Half a Cloud”, Chief at Kettle Point (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Aish quay go nay be, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Aissance, Chief at St. Clair, Ontario (Travers, 2015)

Ajaquanon, a Walpole Island Chief

Aksemepemisawtain, Chief in Southwest Ontario, Beaver totem

Allamina, Fox Peace Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Alleyooue, Wyandotte Chief

Amick Kewetasskum, Odawa Chief (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Anenehinth, Chief at Black River, 1825 (NAMMIR.16:396 – 399)

Angouirat, Wyandotte Chief (Voegelin/Tanner, Ethno History)

Aniquiba, Chief at Detroit (Woolworth, Dearborn H.S.)

Annotowin, Ojibwe Chief, Fish totem (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Aquinaga, Miami Chief, father of Little Turtle

Ash a tah ne qua beh, “Almost Touches the Clouds”, Daniel Whedon, Wheaton, Methodist missionary and preacher near Saginaw

Ashkeebee, last traditional Pottawatomi chief on Walpole Island

Ash Ton Uk Wut, Chief with Maconse, Osage Territory (NAMMIR.47:719 – 722, 1839)

Assinowa, Detroit River Chief

Askiby, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin 1 pg. 212)

Assiginack, War Chief of the Ottawa (Schmaltz, pg. 25)

Atironto, Ouendat or Whyandotte War Chief (D. Plain, 1300 Moons)

Atta wa kie, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Aubauway, Ottawa Chief

Aumichoanaw, Aumichoanaw’s Village at Black River, Port Huron, Michigan (Hindsdale, 1926)

Aw be taw quot, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Aw taw we go nay be, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Bald Eagle, Gemoaghpenassee Mississauga and Nipissing War Chief (D. Plain/Schmaltz)

Baemassikeh, Saginaw Chief

Ba Mos Eya, “Dried in the Sun”, the pox-marked Chief

Bauzhigeeshigwashekum, Pazhegeezegwahekum, “He who makes footsteps in or steps over the sky”, Chief at Walpole Island, born on the Maumee (Travers, 2015)

Bawbeese, Pottawatomi Chief

The Beaver, Shawnee Headman Chief near Amherstburg, Ontario 

Big Beaver, Kishkaukau’s son

Big Cat, Delaware Chief

Black Snake, Chief of the Black River Indians, father-in-law of Black Duck, related to John Riley

Blackbeard, Shawnee Headman, Chief near Amherstburg, Ontario 

Blackfish, Principal Peace Chief of the Shawnee at Chilicothe, adopted Tecumseh and his brothers and sister upon their father’s death in war. Thom

Blackhoof – Catahecassa, Shawnee Subchief (Thom)

Blue Jacket, Weyapier Senwaw, Shawnee, lived below Detroit, Great War Chief of the Miami 

Breaker in Pieces, Delaware Chief in Ohio (Thom)

Buckongahelas (, www)

Buckwheat, Walpole Island Chief (Travers)

The Buffalo, Shawnee Headman Chief near Amherstburg, Ontario 

Buneuairear, Saugeen River Chief

Cam Comme Nania, Chief at Thames River

Camcommenarir, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers)

Campanisse, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Can E Waup, Saginaw Chief (ARCOIA 1837:532, Clifton Notes)

Captain Ironsides, Meass, “Walk in the water”, Supt. of Indian Affairs, a descendent of Tecumseh

Captain Johnny, Shawnee Headman Chief near Amherstburg, Ontario 

Capac, Manco, Chippewa Chief, descended from the old Peruvian line of Emperors, the town of Capac was named for him (Jenks, History of St. Clair County)

Captain Pipe, Chief of the Wolf or Monsey Tribe

Captain Simonton, Saginaw Chief (ARCOIA 1837:532, Clifton Notes)

Catfish (see Taytaymaygasson and Wasson below)

Caw me squaw bay no kay, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Cha Bou Quai, Chippewa Chief, Detroit River

Chamintawaa, Ottawa Civil Chief

Chaoge Man Shaiowkima, Chief of Southwest Ontario, Beaver totem

Chase, Henry P., Pahtahquahong, “Coming thunder”, born 1817 and died at Sarnia in 1900. A Mississauga Ojibwe, interpreter, office holder, minister, and merchant. He was raised by Wm. Case, Superintendent of Methodist Missions in the Canadian conference. Henry was an interpreter at Port Sarnia among the Lake St. Clair Ojibwe and an accountant for 13 years. He was a Methodist preacher in 1856 at the St. Clair Mission, which he served on both sides of the St. Clair River. He served in the Anglican Church from 1887 to 1896. He was president and grand general of the Indian Council in 1874.

He went to London, England in 1876, 1881, and 1885 to gather support for his people.

Chawme, Chawne, Chief and Head Speaker at Bear Creek (Travers/Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Cheebican, Chief at Sarnia, Caribou totem (Plain/Ipperwash Commission)

Chemick, son of Kishkaukau

Cheneebeesh, Chief Mississauga Ojibwa (Schmaltz)

Chicagau, Agapit, Chief and Leader of the Mitchigamea, Chicago means “garlic”

Chichikateco, War Chief of the Miami at Round Lake or Lake St. Clair (D. Plain, 1300 Moons)

Chikatayan, Eagle totem, Chief (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Chimegas, the Wheatons, sons of Chimegas were Nathan, Samuel, and Daniel, who were local preachers on the Flint River 

Chiminatawa, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Chuscom, Chusco, a converted priest of the Ottawa 

Cobmoosa, Cub bah moo sa, “The Great Walker”, Ottawa Chief at Grand River (Ewing)

Coon, Saginaw Chief at Kinodah, Saginaw Chippewa Village (Eckert)

De Sharemoi, Chief at Moore Reserve

Deyentete, a Huron Chief of Detroit

Dow Yen Tet, Huron Chief, Detroit River

Duyenty, Huron Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Dutton, Thomas, Sah quh che wa o sa, chief and reverend, Methodist preacher at Taymouth, Michigan

Dutton, America, Luke Hart, born 1777 – 1875, last of the warrior chieftains of the Chippewa

Eastman, Charles, Sioux, raised in Ontario by the Ojibwe. He became a physician and helped his people on the Pine Ridge Reservation. He wrote many books about Indian life and was an inspiration for the Boy Scouts of America with his “Scout Talks”. He lived in Ontario, Canada in his later years, and then in Detroit with his son.

Egouchaway, Egouch ae i ouay, Egouch E Ouay, an Ottawa Principal Chief (MPHC #20, pg. 305/lajuenesse)

Ekuschuwe, Agushewa, Augooshaway, Ottawa Chief at Detroit

En Dah In, Ottawa Chief, Detroit River  

Endashin, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Eqcesbawa, Ottawa Chief, Detroit River

E Sha Ha, Detroit River 

Essebalc, Chippewa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Essebamee, Chippewa Chief, Detroit River 

Eskebee, Eshkibie, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Fisher, a half blood-Indian, married Francis Macompte’s sister, took his own life at Salt River Reserve

Gaiash, Chief at Moore Reserve

Galash, Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Gayoshk, St. Clair, Ontario; Chief Travers

Gemoaghpenassee, Chief Missisauga Ojjibwe (Schmaltz, pg., 26)

Genway Ku Shook, Chief at Black River, 1835, son of Ogedick (NAMMIR. 36:210 – 212)

Gould, Gerald, Chief of the Swan Creek and Black River Confederated Ojibwe tribes of Michigan at Saginaw

Gould, Harold, Sub Chief of Ojibwe, Swan Creek and Black River 

Grand Blanc, Sawanabenase, Pechegabua, Chippewa Chief

Greenbird, Joshua, Ojibwe, first elected Chief of the Walpole Island bands in 1878

Greenskye, Simon Pokagon Greensky, Methodist pastor around the Saginaw Basin for 42 years 

Guyash, Chief of Bear Creek (Sydenham) River at Amherstburg (Plain)

Hassaki, Grand Chief of Ottawa (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Hawquosseau, Eagle Tribe Chief at Detroit River

Hiawatha, the Iroquois name Henry Schoolcraft used in his book; the stories, however, were Chippewa-Ojibwe 

Hiquelow, Bear totem, Detroit River

Ishtonaquette, Chief from Lake St. Clair (Schmaltz)

Isononcainen, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Iyonayotha, Wyandot Chief

Jackson, Andrew, Chief of Black River and Swan Creek people, Saginaw 1893 (LROIA 32393 – 1893)

Jacobs, Burton, Chief in 1964 when self-government replaced the Indian Agent, who had power to overrule the Council

Jacobs, Francis Wilson, Wahbahnoosay, school teacher, Chief of the Ontario Ojibwe for 14 years to 1884, half-brother of Rev. Peter Jones

Johnston, John, Chief at Stony Point (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry Historical background, www)

Jones, Peter, Kahkewaquonaby, “Sacred Waving Feathers”, Desagondensta, “He stands people on their feet”, Mohawk, a Metis preacher, translated the Bible and hymns into his Ojibwe Native tongue. He was a well-known preacher at the St. Clair Mission in Sarnia, Ontario, serving on both sides of the river in the Methodist Church to the Native Americans. Peter Jones was taught by and raised by William Case, the Father of Methodism in Canada and Michigan.

Jorihoha, Chief near Windsor Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Kage Kumego, “Otter”, Chief at Moore Reserve

Kageskaiua, Chief at Moore Reserve

Kah ka gezhigk, Chief at Sarnia (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Kalwahnee, Saginaw Chippewa Chief

Kanobe, Chief of the Swan Creek bands of Indians, from Romeo, Michigan, under Francis Macompte (Maconnce), accused of abducting the Finch child whom he loved

Kaquta, Alexander, Saugeen River Chief

Kawachewan, Ottawa Chief

Kawgagezhic, “Forever Sky”, brother of Neome, who spoke in the formal Councils at the Treaty of Saginaw in 1819, Diba Jimooyung, Saginaw Chippewa

Kaw gay ge zhick, Saginaw Chief

Kayask, Bear Creek Chief, Beaver totem (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Kay bay guo um, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Kay bay yawsigay, Yaw bass, Chief at Bear Creek, Caribou totem (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

Kaygegaybe, Payquotuch, Grand River Chief (Ewing)

Kaynotang, War Chief from Bear Creek

Kay Yaskkonse, Chief at Southwest Ontario

Keewaygeeshig, Keewageezhig, signer of the Treaty of 1836, ceding Black River Reservation to the U.S Government

Kee No Chamek, Great Chief of the Chippewa, built a very long raft as a Fire Raft to burn British vessels (Parkman, 1763)

Kenewahbay, Chief near Ipperwash (Ipperwash Commission, www)

Kensauanse, Wolf totem, Detroit River

Keokuk, War Chief, Sax and Fox

Keriay Geezhig, Chief of Swan Creek, Black River, 1836 (NAMMIR.37:116)

Kewadin, “Northwind”, Ojibwe Chief and Holy Man

Ke Wayte Nan, Detroit River 

Kewayosh, first Chief of the Amalgated Ojibway and Pottawatomi Walpole Band Council in 1940

Kiashke, Chief at Chenail Escarte

Kieuejiwen, Chief at Moore Reserve

Kingewano, Chief of Wolf Tribe at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Kinisshikapoo, a Southern Ojibwe Chief

Kinonge (Plain 1300 Moons)

Kinousaki, an Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Tanner/Voegelin)

Kiosk, Chippewa Chief

Kishkiwabik, Chief of the Ojibwe (Schmaltz)

Kishko, Chief at the Thames River 

Kisis, Ouabimanitou, White Spirit, Mascouten Chief at Detroit (Cleland)

Kitchianaquet, Crane totem, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

Kitchemughgua, Kitchemighqua, Chief at Big Bear Creek and Chenail Escarte (Plain/Travers)

Kitche Ne Gon, “Grand Sable”

Ki wish e ouan, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Kiwitchiwene, Chief of Eagle Tribe near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Kiyoshk, Chief at St. Clair, Ontario (Travers)

Kondiaronk, Kondorant, “Le Rat” (“The Rat” – Muskrat, Cleland), Wyandotte War Chief, precursor of Pontiac and Tecumseh. His father was Atironto. He had much diplomatic skill in confederating the tribes. A Christian convert, who preached at Michilimackinac, he led the Huron, Petun, and Tionontati against the Iroquois. No Indian had ever possessed greater merit, a finer mind, more valor, prudence, or discernment in understanding to those with whom he had to deal (Parkman).

Koutache, a Missisauga Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Kowgisawis, Saugeen River Chief

Kuit, Mascouten Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Lago, a Pottowatomi Chief when the Huron were removed by the Iroquois 

La Jes, “Big Gate”, Northern Chief who at Detroit as a boy shot a soldier at the gate of the fort, later becoming an American captain under George Clark. (Thom, Long Knife)

Lamyma, Fox Peace Chief at Detroit (Cleland)

Langlade, Charles Michel Mouet, Akewaugeketauso, Great Ottawa War Chief from Sault Ste. Marie, leader in many attacks, fought with French, , changed to the British, was interpreter for the King, lived near Malden, Ontario, Canada. He was born at Fort Michilimackinac. Charles was a fur trader in Michilimackinac, Wisconsin territory and the Grand River Valley.

La Pesant, Great Ottawa Chief of Missilimackinac and Detroit (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Laturno, Principal Chief of the Sotu (Saulteur) tribe (Plain)

Leatherlips, Wyandotte Chief, Thom

Le Blanc, Wyandotte Chief

Le Brochet (Plain, 1300 Moons)

La Forest, first Chief of the Wyandotte (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Le Tourneau, “Blackbird”

Little Bear, Okemos, Chief of Chippewa Nations (see below in Okemos)

Little Cedar, Meuetugesheck, Chippewa Chief

Little Elk, Elijah Thomas, champion log burler from Quanicassee, Michigan Thumb, married Betty Pontiac 

Little Pine, Chief (Travers)

Little Turtle, (called by white men), really means Great Turtle, (Pokagon, Simon, 1899), Michikinikwa, Michikinakwa, Miami Chief, defeated the U.S. Army with 1,100 men in two major battles St. Clairs, and General Harmars. His father was Chief Aquinaga. Little Turtle did not like to see people enslaved and mistreated. He captured the Blacks and brought them to hide at present Fort Wayne, Indiana. Blacks lived with the Miami Indians, and he wanted to protect them.

Machaba, Jacob, Chief of Black River and Swan Creek People at Saginaw, 1893 (LROIA 32393 – 1893)

Machonce, Machonce’s village was at Northwest Lake St. Clair, above the Clinton River (Hindsdale)

Maconse, A She Taw Naw Quot, Muckema, father and son were the Chiefs of the Swan Creek bands of Indians at Salt Point, Salt River, in southeast St. Clair County, Michigan. Maconse moved 51 of his people to Kansas during the Indian Removal.

Macquettoquett, Macquettequet, “Little Bear”, Ojibwe Chief

Madjeckewis, “Bad Bird”, Ojibwe Chief

Macquiquiovis, Great Chief of the Saulteaux Ojibwe (Hotchkiss)

Madwayosh, Anishinabe Chief, Saugeen (Travers)

Main Poc, Shiata, Pottawatomi War Chief, fought with Tecumseh at Malden (Eckert). “Withered Hand”, Chief of Shawan, Thom

Maishcaw, John, Ottawa Chief, West Michigan (Ewing)

Makatay Kegigo, Catfish, Southwest Ontario Chief

Makouandeby, Head Chief and speaker of the Illinois at Detroit (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Mamaushegauta, “Bad Legs”, Chippewa Chief

Maness, Elijah, Stony Point Chief (Travers 2015)

Manitoogeezhiks, Chief at Saginaw Village a large and very prosperous village called Saugenong, Diba Jimooyung, Saginaw Chippewa 

Makataykegigo, Catfish, Sarnia Chief (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Manitou, Ottawa Chief

Marass, Elijah, Sarnia Chief (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry)

Maskeaash, “Falling Snow”, also Muskyash, Messkias, Masqyash, Mesik, Miskeass, Mesgish, Megish, signer of the 1807 treaty of Detroit where the southeast quarter of Michigan was ceded to the U.S. Government, signed the 1795 Treaty Deed granting 990-year lease to Harsens Island to Bernardus Harsen, Joseph May, and Jacob Bogart, was killed by Captain Blake in the War of 1812 at Lundy’s Lane, grandfather of Granny Rodd and Naykeeshig

Musqueash, Chief who lived in the vicinity, of now Port Huron, Michigan, Musqueash died soon after the War of 1812 and was buried on the Indian Reservation north of Mt. Clemons, Michigan (John Askin Papers vol. 1, 180/Jenks vol. 1, 148, History of St. Clair County MI, 1912)

Makisabi, Great War Chief, Pottawatomi (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Man Do Ao, Huron Chief at Detroit River 

Mash Kee Yosh, Chief in Saginaw area

Matchiquis, Chief near Detroit, friend of Colonel De Peyster, near Detroit (Askin, vol. II, pg. 407) Ottawa Chief and British General, legendary Captain in taking Mackinac in 1763. Thom, Long Knife

Maug gich a way, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Mauk Saub, Cass River Chief (NAMMIR45;147, 148)

Mawbese, Mawbeece, Chief in West Michigan, (Ewing)

Maw che che won, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

May howwain, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

May Tisy, Swan Creek, Black River Chief, 1836 (NAMMIR.37:116)

Mayzin, Chief at Black River (Plain)

Measita, Chippewa Chief

Mechegegoona, “Fish Hawk”, Ojibwe War Chief at Sault Ste. Marie, great friend of Young Gull. (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Mejlaquit, Majawqut, Chief at Black River in 1825 (NAMMIR.16:396 – 399)

Men Couts, Chief of Black River and Swan Creek people (Ziibiwing)

Meng Da Hai, Huron Chief, Detroit River 

Menoquot, Menoquots Village was on the Cass River in the Thumb of Michigan 

Mesass, Chippewa Chief, signer of Treaty of Fort Harmar

Mesackwangie, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Meshike waybig, “Red Sky”, Mesquahwegezhigk, Missquah wegezhigk, Ojibwe Chief, son of Animikance (Annamakance, “Little Thunder”), War Chief at Black River, Saulteaux, Aamjiwnaang, Oak clan totem (Plain/ Ipperwash Commission, www.; Plain)

Meshkemau, Chief at Miami Bay, Lake Erie

Mesh Qui Ga Boui, Chippewa Chief, Detroit River

Metiewabe, Saugeen River Chief

Metigoob, Chief at Sarnia (Travers)

Mettawansh, Saugeen River Chief

Met Te G Chin, Detroit River 

Meuetugesheck, Little Cedar, Chippewa Chief

Mexicinny, Mickseninne, Mixcinninny, “Young Chief” or Wampum Man, Chief at Bowting Village (Grand Rapids), Grand River Ottawas (Ewing)

Michipichy, Ourante Sous, Wyandotte Chief

Michome, “Little Bear”, a Chief of the Ojibwe Nation (Moore)

Mikinak, Great Ottawa Chief at Detroit and Saginaw

Miksaba, Pottawatomi Head Chief

Minewe Weh, Ojibwe War Chief of the Lake Indians 

Minnonequotm, Minnonequotm, Hereditary Chief (Mitts, D.)

Miniwoa, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit in 1763 (Woolworth of Dearborn Historical Society)

Miott, Chippewa Chief

Miscocomon, “Red Knife”, Ojibwe Chief from the Thames

Mishibizhe, a Chief of the Ontario Ojibwe in 1844

Miskisabet, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 212)

Miskousouath, Fox Head Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Miskouaki, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (DePeyster, Miscellanies by an Officer, www)

Misquecapowee, Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Mitchewass, Chief at Thames River and Chenail Escarte 

Miz co be na sa, “Red Bird”, Saginaw Chippewa Chief

Mokeetchewan, Chief in Southwest Ontario, Eagle totem

Mokegewan, Mokeetchewan, Eagle totem, Chief (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Monguagon, Monguagon Village was south of Wyandotte, Michigan 

Monimack or Cat Fish, Ojibwe Chief

Monseytown or Munsee Town, Lower Huron River 

Moran, a Pottawatomi Chief who lived at the mouth of the Macon – Swan Creek (Fuller)

Mshinikaibek, Chief in West Ontario

Muack Esaub, Chief at River Rouge (NAMMIR. 38:33, 34)

Muckamoot, a Pottawatomi Chief who lived on Muscamoot Bay near Lake St. Clair

Muchatuagie, Chief at Bear Creek/Thames (Travers 2015)

Muck Kuck Cosh, Saginaw Chief (NAMMIR.46:609)

Mushyash Jun, Chief at Belle River and St. Clair River (Askin, vol. 1)

Musquackie, “Yellowhead”, Chief of Lake Simcoe Ojibwe (Schmaltz)

Nahnebahwequa, “Standing Upright Woman”, Catherine Bunch-Brown, Ojibwe spokeswoman and Christian missionary (Schmaltz)

Nah tachi ke me, Chief of the Saginaw Chippewa (Bentley Library, UOM/Hess family of Saginaw)

Nakatewaquit, Chief at Detroit and Moore Reserve

Nanamakeak, Chippewa Chief, signer of Fort Harmar Treaty

Nangy, Chief at Moore Reserve

Nanck che gaw me, Saginaw Chief

Naow Is E Kan, Chief in Osage Country, 1839 (NAMMIR.47:719 – 722)

Nashan, Chief at Moore Reserve

Natawuato, Huron Chief

Natournee, Chief at Lower St. Clair reserve, Moore. Travers 2015)

Natquato, Nataquato, a Huron Chief well-known on the St. Clair River

Nau bowe, Nabbawe, or Kitschi-Makongs, Beaver totem, Ojibwe Chief at Bear Creek (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Nau Chi Go Mee San Wan Ban Mo Ca Couch, old Chief Speaker (NAMMIRY2-319,320)

Nawa Cissy Nabe, Chief at Thames River 

Nawash, Neywash, Head Chief of the Saugeen Ojibwe, south of Georgian Bay

Naw aug, Peter, Chief at Stony Point (Travers 2015)

Naw Gaw Nee, Peter, Chief at Long Lake

Nawme, Pattawatimas Chief

Naw taw way, Saginaw Chief

Nawwcissy nabe, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers 2015)

Naw we ge zhick, Saginaw Chief

Naykeeshig, Naykeezhig, Nay Kee Shick, Nay Gee Zhig, Nay ge zhick, “Young Snake”, grandson of Maskeash, cousin of Granny Rodd, an employee of Judge Bunce, one of Bunce’s Indians, Black River hereditary Head Chief, Son of the Snake, Chief of the Black River Chippewa

Nayquoscan, Daniel Field, Chief of Eagle tribe at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Neanigo, Chief at the Fork (Lajuenesse)

Nebanagoshing, Joseph Sayers, Chief

Negawbe, Ottawa Chief West Michigan (Ewing)

Negesi, Snake, Negesick (Ziibiwing), Saginaw Chippewa 

Nemekeum, Nemekeum, Huron Chief, had a trio of noses – one small on either side of a large central nose – was well-known of the St. Clair River 

Nesowagie, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Nesowaghquat, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

New Corn, a Great Pottawatomi Chief from Detroit to Lake Michigan (Fuller)

Nia ne go, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Nickeson, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Niibaakhom, “Night Thunderer”, Ojibwe Chief

Ninevois, Chief of the Chippewa Nation

Ningweegon, “The Wing”, leader of the Ojibwe band on the Huron – Clinton – River, who was friendly to Governor Hull 

Ninnewa, Pattawatimas Chief

Niquelon, Chief of Ottawa Bear tribe at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Nisquleawpawn, Detroit River

Nockchegawme, Chief at Shebeon and Sebewaing, Huron County

Nocktschikome, Chief at Shebahyonk, Saginaw

Noname, Pattawatimas Chief

Noonday, Pottawatomi Chief of Ottawas at Grand River District, died in 1855 at almost 100 years old. (Ewing)

Noonday, Amos, preacher from Saganing

Normee, Chippewa Chief, (Eckert 1992, “A sorrow in or heart”)

Notaquoto, short, ugly, and powerful, was well-known to early settlers

Notawanee, Chief at St. Clair, Ontario (Travers)

Ocaita, Chief

Oge-bick-in, Ojibwe Chief in Sarnia area, Carribou totem (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Ogemaw Ki Keto, Saginaw Chief, signed the 1819 Treaty of Saginaw

Ogontz, Indian Catholic priest at Detroit (Bierce, Historical Reminiscences of Cuyahoga Moravian)

Ogotig, Chief at St. Clair River (Plain)

Ogousse, Ottawa Chief

Ohawwanoo-Chemoke o mon, Kettle Point Chief (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry)

Ojaouanon, a Chief of Walpole Island 

O Kee Tick, Black River Chief (NAMMIR.43:103)

Okeya, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Okitchinoyon, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Omejawennong Que, Black River Chief (NAMMIR.43:103)

Omuhwenahsawn, “He Rushes Upon Him”, a Chief of the Bear totem (D. Plain 1300 Moons)

Onabemamtou, Mascouten Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Onanguisse, Pottawatomie Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Old Salt, became a preacher

Old Toga, Chief Tonquish, Pottawatomi of the River Rouge, village named for him, Tonquish’s Village (Hindsdale, 1925)

Onagan, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)


Orontony (Nicholas), Detroit Wyandotte Chief, chief in Sandusky Ohio and Indiana

Osawanequat, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin vol. 1, pg. 175)

O saw waw bun, Saginaw Chief

Osawweb, Chief at Sarnia, Turtle totem (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

O Saw a wip, Chippewa Chief in Southwest Ontario (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

Oscawuassanu, “Young Boy”, Ojibwe Chief

Otawaun, Chief Speaker Saginaw (ARCOIA 1837:532 Clifton notes)

Ot taw ace, Saginaw Chief

Otter, Daniel (Travers, 2015)

Oua ouia tenne, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 212)

Ouenemek, Pottawatomie War Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Ouit A Nis Sa, Chippewa Chief, Detroit River

Oulouigoushquin, Chief and friend of Colonel De Peyster, near Detroit (Askin, vol. II, pg. 407)

Outoutagan, Jean Le Blanc, Ottawa Spokesman (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Pabame, Grand River Ottawa Chief

Pandiac, Chief who signed McKee Treaty 116, south side of the Detroit River and Boise Blanc Island, in 1786, possibly Pontiac

Pasheskiskaquashcum, Bauzhigiezhigwaeshikum, at Springwells, near Detroit.

Paudash, Chief of Missisauga Ojibwe (Schmaltz, pg.26)

Paushquash, Chippewa Chief, signer of Treaty of Fort Harmar

Pawasicko, Chippewa Chief, signer of Treaty of Fort Harmar

Pay baw maw she, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Pay me quo ung, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Pay me saw aw, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Pay Pah Moushee, Chief at River Rouge (NAMMIR.38:33, 34)

Payshawsegay, Ottawa Chief (Ewing)

Pay she nin ne, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Pazhekezhiquasnkum, Pazhekezkqueshcum, Chief at Walpole Island (Canada West Last Frontier)

Pazhedezhikquashhkum, “He who makes footsteps in the sky”, Chief at Walpole 

Pebamuchketac, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Pecan, Miami Chief (Cleland)

Pee taw waw naw quot, Chippewa, Black River Chief (NAMMIR.43:211, 212 1837)

Pegahmagabow, Francis, Binaaswi, “The Wind that blows off”, WWI unsung hero, “Peggy”, the most decorated Indigenous soldier in Canada’s history, the deadliest sniper, scout, and messenger of WWI, having 378 kills and 300 captures. He rose to the rank of Company Sergeant – Major, several ranks above Corporal. He came home to discrimination. He was Supreme Chief of the Ojibwe Nation of Wasauksing, now Shewanaga First Nation, Caribou totem, and worked for his people. He is honored with a bronze monument at Parry Sound on June 23, 2016, on National Aboriginal Day in Canada.

Pem e quo hung, Pay me quo ung, Chief of the Swan Creek and Black River bands, at Swan Creek on Saginaw Bay 

Pemacegis, Chief Saginaw (ARCOIA 1837:532, Clifton Notes)

Pemoussa, Great Fox War Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Pe Nash, Detroit River 

Pe nay se waw be, Saginaw Chief

Penayse, Foster, Chief at Grand River, Ottawa (Ewing)

Pendalouan, Great Ottawa Chief in West Michigan (Ewing)

Penence-o-quin, Turtle totem, Chief (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Penesewah, Pemuse, Ojibwe Chief at Bear Creek (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Penemou, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Petahgegeeshig, “Between Day”, Ojibwe, Swan Creek 

Petahwegeeshig, Lake St. Clair War Chief (D. Plain)

Petaudig, Chief Black River People, 1825 (NAMMIR.16:396 – 399)

Petawick, Ojibwe Chief at Sarnia, Caribou totem (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Peterwegeshig, “In between Dawn”, Walpole Island Chief (Travers, 2015)

Petosee, “The Blackbird”

Pet To E Kie Sic, Petokiesic, “A Middle Cloud”, the Great Chief of the Walpole tribe and sole Monarch of Walpole Island 

Pet way we tum, Swan Creek and Black River Chief

Pewanakum, Chippewa Chief, signer of the Treaty of Fort Harmer

Peewanshemenogh, Chippewa Chief

Petwegeeshik, Ojibway, last traditional Chief of Walpole Island

Pe Way, “A Hare”, Pe Way Ahore, Head Chief of the Pottawatomies

Peyskiky, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers, 2015)

Pilcher, Elijah, Chief of the Black River and Swan Creek at Saginaw, 1893 (LROIA 32393 – 1893)

Pinache, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 212)

Pinessiwagum, Chief in Southwest Ontario, Turtle totem

Pisortim, Turner, Chief at Moore

Plain, David, Native author from Sarnia, Ontario. Author of 6+ award winning books. Descendant of Animikance – “Thunder” – and Kioscance – “Young Gull”, “Red Sky”, and “On the Plain”, great Ojibwe Chiefs at Sault Ste. Marie and Black River at the foot of Lake Huron and Aamjiwnaang Territory.

Plain, Fred, Chief at Sarnia (N. A. Plain)

Plain, Nicholas, “On the Plain”, Chippewa Chief at Sarnia, author, preacher, father of David Plain

Pokagon, Simon Leopold, Pottawatomi Chief. Pokagon means “Shield or Defense”, or “Club”. Pokagon once owned the site where Chicago now stands. He was Catholic and fought for the Pottawatomi lands near the St. Joseph River in Southwest Michigan and Northwest Indiana. A writer and speaker who spoke four languages. His people kept a small piece of their original lands, and never removed. He was the first Indian, in the White House, visiting President Lincoln. 

Pooquigauboawie, Chippewa Chief

Poquaquet, “The Ball”, Chippewa Chief

Poquash, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Poshetonse, Caribou totem, Southwest Ontario Chief (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Po Taw Waw Naw Quot, Black River Chippewa Chief (NAMMIR.43:431 – 438)

Pshikie, Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Pukenai, “The Ball”, Ojibwe Chief (Ipperwash Commission, www)

Puckenas, “The Spark of Fire”, Pockenaise, Pukinins, Puckenese, Chippewa Chief, Caribou totem, father of Wawanosh (Plain/Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www) 

Quakegman, “Feather”, War Chief of the St. Clair Ontario band

Quakgwan, Quoikeegon, Ojibwe Chief at Stony Point, Beaver dodem (Travers)

Quay kegoin, River Au Sable Chief (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Quakegwon, Wuaikeegon, Beaver totem, Chief at Sarnia, signed the Ontario Treaty of 1827

Quaykigouins, Sauble band Chief

Quaquakebookgk, “Revolution”, War Chief, Swan Creek and Salt River bands

Queoonequetwabaw, Ojibwe Chief

Quiconquish, Chippewa Chief

Quinipeno, Mississauga Chief (Schmaltz)

Quinousaki, Ottawa Chief

Quiouigoushquin, Chief (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 407)

Quit a nis a, Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Quitchonequit, “Big Cloud”, Ojibwe Chief

Red Bird, Miz Co Be Na Sa, Saginaw Chippewa Chief

Red Sky, Oak clan totem, son of “Little Thunder” – Animicance Misquahwegezhigk, Black River War Chief, Saulteaux (D. Plain)

Riashke, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers)

Richardville, Chief of the Miamis, Thumb of Michigan area.

Rodd, Charles, Ma, Lai, Sha Ban, “Will not go”, Chief at Saginaw

Rodd, Peter, Saginaw

Roundhead, Ustaiechta, Wyandotte Chief, war hero who fought with Tecumseh 

Rou Nia Hy Ra, Huron Chief, Detroit River

Ruhumatt, “One Can’e”, Chief at Moore Reserve

Sahgimah, Sagamah, Grand Chief and great leader of the Ottawa

Saganish, Chief at Chenail Escarte

Sagimaw, Pottawatomi Chief

Saginaw, Chief

Saguina, “Mister Blackbird”, Chief of a great band of warriors in the northern region of St. Joseph. (Thom, Long Knife)

Sahenteskon, Chief at Moore Reserve

Sanaban, Chief at Saginaw

Sandusky, Ot San Doos Ke, Otsaandosti, Huron meaning is “Cold Water” (Chaput)

Sasteradzy, Sastaretsi, or Sasterexy, “The Rat”, hereditary Chief of the Tobacco-Petun (Huron), Deer clan totem, Chief of the Detroit Wyandotte (Huron) (Parkman)

Sastareche, Sastaretsy, Chief of Hurons at River Cannard (MPHC #20, pg. 305)

Sas Ta Rit Sie, Huron Chief, Detroit River 

Sauganash, Billy (Thomas) Caldwell, captain of the Indian Department of Canada. (Ewing , Wallace, Footprints)

Sawgamaw, Ottawa Chief

Saw gaw che way o say, Saginaw Chief

Saw Gee, Head of the tribe, a Walpole warrior

Sca Hou Mat, Huron (Wyandotte) Chief, Detroit River

Skush, Pattawatimas Chief

Segangewan, Chippewa Chief

Seginsavin, Seginsisins, Seginsavin’s, Seginsiwin’s, on the River Rouge (Treaty 1807), village on south of Clinton River (Hindsdale, 1925)

Sekhas, Sekahas, Head Chief of the Thames, Chippewa War Chief over Mississauga Ojibwa warriors from the Thames River and Kettle Creek Ojibwa

Shaboque, John Clark, Chippeawas Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Shaboqui, Chippewa Chief at Detroit River

Shaganash, Saganash, Turtle totem, Ojibwe Chief at Chenail Escarte (Ipperwash Commission, www)

Shashawinibisie, Crane totem Chief (Ipperwash Commission Inquiry, www)

Shavehead, Pottawatomi Chief

Shawawanoo, Ashkebahgahnequod, also Chemokomon or John Big Knife, Kettle and Stony Point Chief (Gulewitsch/Plain/Travers)

Shawbequoung, Moses, “Wings”, Ottawa Chief at Grand River, son of Penayse (Ewing)

Shaweny-penince, St. Clair, Ontario Chief (Travers, 2015)

Shawnoo, Isaac, Chief at Kettle Point (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry Historical background, www)

Sha woa ni ssey, Saginaw Chief in 1778, Shiawasee River believed to be named after him

Shawon Epuaysee, Chief at River Rouge (NAMMIR.38:33,34)

Shawshawwanipenisee, Shashawinibisie, Chief at Walpole (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

Shaw shaw way nay beece, Saginaw Chief

She Bense, Detroit River

Shebona, Shabonna, Charbonneas, Shebbiona, Shawanoem, descended from Pontiac, Aide De Camp to Tecumseh and, who kept his grave secret and safe. (See “Shawano” above.) Also called Charcoal Burner

She Hou Wa Te Mon, Huron Chief, Detroit River

Shemmendock, Ottawa Chief at Chenail Escarte 

Shenabey, Chief of Black River People, 1825 (NAMMIR.16:396 – 399)

Shimindock, Ottawa Chief

Shinekosche, Ottawa Chief, West Michigan (Ewing)

Shingwauk, “Little Pine”, Ojibwe War Chief, great leader of the Western bands, comprising all of the Upper Great Lakes Native people (Three Fires unity)

Shingaba Wossin, leader of the Crane band at Sault Ste. Marie, first Chief of the Chippewa Nation (Schenk), also Singabawossin – “Spirit Stone”, shaman and leader of the Crane clan at Sault Ste. Marie (Cleland)

Shoogemah, Chief at Walpole Island (Travers)

Shoppenagon, David, “Lumber Chief”, “Old Shopp”, a Saginaw lumber baron and river guide, made canoes by hand, born in Indian Fields near Caro, Michigan, told tales to many sitting about a campfire: tales of bear and deer hunts

Siskiboa, Shamon at the St. Clair River, Ontario

Ski Neaque, Detroit River

Small Kettle, Chief of the Ojibwe at Round Lake, villages on Swan Creek and Saline Creek (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Snake or Serpent, “The Snake”, Mis She Ke Nay Bick – “The Great Snake” – Chief of the Chippewas at Black River, a brother of Granny Rodd (NAMMIR.43:431 – 438)

Son Din Ou, Huron Chief, Detroit River 

Sonis Baw, Saginaw Chief (ARCOIA 1837:532, Clifton notes)

Soskene, Chippewa Chief, signer of Treaty of Fort Harmer

Souskonay, Ojibwe Chief at Chenail Escarte, Bird totem (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Southbird, Tittabawasee (NAMMIR42-319,320)

Squand, Squano, John, “Doc Squano”, a medical and expert herb mixing doctor at Sebewaing and Bayport, Michigan for Red and White people

Squashawa, Chief of Ottawa Bear tribe at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Stevens, General, Nauquachicgawme, Thumb and Saginaw, Michigan 

Strong Wind, Missisauga War Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Suk Kew Ge Won, Suck Aingewow, Suck Augewow, Chief at River Rouge Reservation, from Bay Settlement of Toledo (NAMMIR.46:593, 594)

Sumner, John, Chief of the Ontario Ojibwe in 1877

Sunday, John, a well-known missionary convert of the Ojibwes, Canadian, serving in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and many other places, became a great preacher 

Tagannini, Saugeen Chief (Travers)

Ta Hou Ne Ha Wie Tie, Huron Chief at Detroit River

Ta Niom Sa, Osage Country, 1839 (NAMMIR.47:719 – 722)

Tarhe, “The Crane”, the Grand Sachem of the Wyandottes

Takay, War Chief of the Detroit Pottawatomi and Wyandotte (Huron)

Tarhe, Wyandotte Chief, Sandusky Ohio

Taychatubm, Taychatin, Wyandotte Chief

Taykaumaw, Caribou totem, Chief in Southwest Ontario

Taytaymaygasson, also Catfish-Sturgeon, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry. www)

Tawas, Tawaws, Thous, Tawas, Chippewa Chief at Saginaw

Ted Y A Ta, Huron Chief, Detroit River

Te Ha Tow Renee, Huron Chief, Detroit River

Tharatohat, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

The Fork, Chief of Flint River band (Plain, 1300 Moons)

The Pike, Ottawa War Chief (Plain, 1300 Moons)

Tickamegasson, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers)

Tickcome go sson, Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Tickcouoegossow, Detroit River 

Tie cami go se, Chippewa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Tihockeres, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Tiockouanohon, Chief near Windsor, Ontario (Lajuenesse)

Toienthet, Chief near Windsor (Lajuenesse)

Tomago, Chief at Thames River (D. Plain)

Tomego, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers)

Tondaganie, “The Dog”, Chief at the Miami of Lake Erie

Tonquish, “Old Toga”, Ojibwe Chief, village was near River Rouge (Hindsdale, 1925)


Toquish, Chief at Moore Reserve

Tou Geis Ish, Chief at River Rouge Reservation, from Maumee City (NAMMIR.46:593, 594)

Toukwish, Chief at Rouge River

Tren Youmaing, Huron Chief, Detroit River

Tsough Ka Ratsy Wa, Huron Chief, Detroit River 

Truckatoe, Sub Chief of the Swan Creek bands of Pottawatomi and Ojibwe, under Chief Francis Maconse 

Turkeyfoot, Miami, second in command after Little Turtle

Twisting Vine, Delaware Chief, Thom

Ureaupowannie, “Great Batt”, Chief at Moore Reserve

Wa Ban Di Gais, Chippewa Chief, Detroit River 



Wagnai, Chief at Moore Reserve

Wahpahgass, Chief at Kettle and Stony Point (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Wah sayguan, Ojibwe, Odawa and Pottawatomi Chief at Chenail Escarte (Ipperwash Commission, www)

Wain ge ge zhick, Saginaw Chief

Wakazoo, Ottawa Chief in West Michigan (Ewing)

Walk in the Water, Walk on the Water, Myeerah or Maera, Turtle totem, “Captain Ironsides”, a Huron Chief of the Wyandot tribe, descendent of Tecumseh, who was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, one of the Huron Chief men, persuaded various tribes to remain neutral during the War of 1812, died about 1817 (John Askin Papers vol. 1, pg. 494) (See “Ironsides”)

Wapagance, Chief at Sarnia (Plain)

Wapagase, Wapagaee, Johnston, Caribou totem, Chief at Kettle Point (Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry, www)

Wapenousa, Chief at Chenail Escarte (Travers)

Wapishwisbiwininiwak, village on the north side of Lake St. Clair (Hindsdale, 1925)

Wapocmoguth, Great Chief of the Mississaugas (Parkman)

Wapoose, Goerge Menass, a Chippewa Medicine Man, Bear Creek (Thames)

Warpole, a Wyandotte Chief (, www)

Wasagashick, Ottawa Chief

Wasson, Catfish, Win ne meg, Winamek, Old Wasso, Owosso was named for him, Saginaw War Chief who led 250 warriors south of Detroit in the War of Pontiac, a Pottawatomi Head Chief

Waugau, Chief at Miami Bay on Lake Erie

Waupugais, Ojibwe War Chief from Sauble

Wau Wau Som, Walpole Chief

Wawanosh, David, Chief of the Ontario Ojibwe for 15 years to 1867

Wa Watom, “Little Goose”, a Chippewa Chief born 1762, lived to 1864

Wawish kuy, Ottawa Chief at Detroit (Lajuenesse)

Wayayachterin, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit, friend of De Peyster (Askin, vol. II, pg. 407)

Wa waynash, Caribou totem, Chief (Ipperwash Commission, www)

Wa Wish Kuy, Ottawa Chief, Detroit River

Wayweyaghtin, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol. 1, pg. 175)

Wetenasa, Chippewa Chief, signer of Fort Harmar Treaty

Whitecloud, Amikoui, Ojibwe Grand Chief at Bawatig, Sault Ste. Marie, Georgian Bay

Whitefeather, famous Chief of the Chippewa

Williams, Lloyd, Stony Point Chief (Travers 2015)

Winamek, Catfish (Cleland)

Windego, Windigo, “Devil”, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (Askin, vol.1, pg. 175)

Wing, Ottawa Chief, whose son fought with the Americans, annually receive and an annuity

Winniwok, Chief and War Chief, Ottawa near Detroit (Eckert)

Wishawas, Chief at Moore Reserve

Wittaniss, a Sub Chief of the Huron Indians, caretaker at Moravian Village when John Askin purchased this land on the Huron – Clinton – River

Wymeegong, Saginaw Chippewa War Chief

Wymnack, Pottawatomi Chief at Detroit (NAMM1105R1)


Ashkebahganhequod, John Big Knife, Chemokomon, also Oshawawanoo and Shawawanoo, nephew of Tecumseh, his sons carry the names Shawnoo and Shawkence

Mahwajewong, son of Perwash, son was Wahpahgas

Mamahwegezhego, the oldest known ancestor of the Johnston lineage, born around 1700

Pewash, Ipperwash was named after him, son of the Indian Queen, Quashegn

Quakeegwon, signed the Treaty of 1825

Quashegn, the “Indian Queen”, second in a long line of Stoney Point Chiefs, beginning with Mamahwegezhego

Shegnobik, “Grindstone”, brother of John Big Knife (see above), nephew of Tecumseh 

Wahpagas, hereditary line of descendent chiefs which began with Mamahwegezhego, later known as Johnston Mahpahgas, his sons used the surname Johnston



Angouirot, Wyandotte chief (Tanner /Voegelin)

Ashi Tan Aquit, Esh Ton Oquot, Chief Clear Sky


Beaver, Delaware Chief in Ohio


Buck ong a helos, leader of the Delawares


Chedig Bedejik

Cracking Noise, Delaware Chief in Ohio 

Entatsago, Chief of the Sault

Far-he, Tarhe, King Crane, Grand Chief of the Wyandots, resided at Sandusky (Lossing)

Five Medals, Pottawatomi Chief

Koussidover, Ottawa Chief

Matchekewis, tribal leader of the Ojibwe, Principal Chief of Thunder Bay, fought in many battles, was at the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, ceding Bois Blanc Island on Lake Huron and all his original lands to the U.S.

Madame La Framboise, Madeline, granddaughter of Chief Kewinoquot, an Ottawa on the Grand River, married a fur trader, Joseph, La Framboise. She spoke many languages and was a great help in the fur trade. In 1804, her husband was killed, and she assumed the trade and amassed a great fortune, then built a fine home on Mackinac Island. John Jacob Astor could not compete against her and bought her out in 1818. Her daughter Josette was well-educated and married Benjamin K. Peirce, commandment at Fort Mackinac and brother to the future President of the U.S.

Le Gris, Miami Chief

Le Maigouis, “Trout”

Logan, famous Iroquois War Chief from Ohio, orator of a great speech, Cayuga or Mingo Chief  

Machikinaqua, Miami Chief

Mackinac, Chief of L Arbre Croche, Principal Ottawa Chief (Eckert)

Mamongesseda, Ojibwe Chief

Meg Wadisk

Mejlaquit, Meawqut



Montour, Sally, Sara Ainse-Wilson, Metis trader from Detroit

Morning Walker (Plain, 1300 Moons)


Nash I Pi Nash I Wish, a Chippewa Chief (Fuller)


Ne Bom O Quay, noted Indian sachem



Not A Wa Sepe, a Pottawatomi Chief in Southwest Lower Michigan (Fuller)



Pacane, Miami Chief


Shaboque, Chippewa Chief


Squashawa, Ottawa, Bear tribe

Tenskwatawa – The Open Door, The Prophet, brother of Tecumseh. He was a drunkard who became a changed man and the Great prophet of the Shawnee who gathered many tribes together at Prophetstown in Greenville Ohio and then at the Tippacanoe River and Wabash River in Indiana. Thoms book, Panther in the Sky, is a wonderful life history of Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa.


White Cap, Shawnee Principal Chief

Winnemac, Pottawatomi Chief



Manitowanoe, First Lieutenant, devoted and faithful to the Crown, was given a silver medal from the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), when he visited Sarnia, Ontario in 1860






Shawanoe-Charcoal Burner

Shiata, Main Poc


Each of the above, Warriors and their descendants are buried on Walpole Island. They were Pottawatomi, Ottawa, and Ojibwe (Chippewa).

Chiefs and principal men of the Chippewa Nation who signed the British Treaty of 1827 in Southern Ontario. The Western District and the London District, in the province of Upper Canada, bounded in the west by Lake Huron and the River St. Clair, were obtained from the Chippewa Nation of Indians, who inhabited and claimed the tract of land in the area described above.

Wawanosh, Thashawinibisic, Pukinance, Negig, Chiebekun, Makataicijigo, Mishaikinaibik, Animikance, Peetawtick, Shawanipinasie, Sagonosh, Wapagace, Anottawin, Ponessiaugnon, Shaioukima, Chekateyon, Mokeitchwon, Kuakgwon – Eighteen names in all.

This treaty surrendered over two million acres at Amherstburg on July 10, 1827 (Nicholas Plain, The History of Sarnia Reserve, 1950)

The Pottawatomi chiefs of Huron River in 1796 were Bandigalkawa, Cabainse, Chawinabai, Chewenisle, Echawet, Keewaidenenaham, The Little Otter, Mahimak, Mahingan, Nannie ou Kuvainim, Ochichalk, Okia, and Othesneesa.

The Chippewa chiefs of land near Lake St. Clair in 1795 were Nangui, Omissass, Ochaisie, Wasson’s Son, Withannesse, and Weshebanwi.



Alleyooue, Whyandotte Chief

Andrew Blackbird, Mackawdebenessy, “Black Hawk”, Ottawa and Pottawatomi Chief, wrote The History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians 1887 was an interpreter and postmaster at Harbor Springs – Little Traverse, was a State Representative. In his whole life he never swore, and lived by the Ten Commandments.

Blackhawk, Black Sparrow Hawk, Maka Tai Me She Kis Kiak, Sauk Chief and War Captain of the Western Indians who fought in the War of 1812. He was of the Thunder Clan of the Sac tribe and was made Chief of the Fox when the Sac and Fox became a confederacy. He moved west of the Mississippi and fought in the War of 1832, trying to move his people to safety in Canada. His biography was written in 1833, the first Native American biography to be published in the U.S., a best-seller.

Blackhawk, Brigadier General in the British Army (Travers, 2015)

Blackhoof, Principal Chief of the Shawaneese at Wa pah ko netta, Indiana 

Joseph Brandt, Mohawk Chief from New York who settled on the Grand River, in Ontario, Canada after the Revolutionary War. He was captain of the Northern Confederate, an able and inspiring leader, and a complete gentleman. He said he believed his people could learn much from the White Man. Brandt came to Detroit to negotiate with and for the Indians. The Indians said England had sold the Indians to Congress, their sacrifice for the British Crown had been in vain.

Charcoal Burner-Shabonna, Sauk Sub Chief at Shabonna, who fought with Tecumseh and kept Tecumseh’s body safe, moved the body on Tecumseh’s own white horse to a secret burying place near Lake St. Clair, in Ontario. Thom

Chicago-jig, Ottawa Chief at South Shore of Lake Michigan, Chicago named for him

Cornstalk – Hokoleskwah, Shawnee Nation Principal Chief at Chilicothe on the Miamisepe. Thom

Elkswatawa, “The Loud Voice”, “The Prophet”, brother of Tecumseh, also Pemsquatawah – “Open Door” (Lossing, 1869

Entatsago, Chief of the Sault

Five Medals

Captain Hendrik Aupaumut, Chief of the Stockbridge Indians (Fuller)

Keokuk, War Chief, Sac and Fox, Iowa

Koussidover, Ottawa Chief

LaDemoiselle – Old Britain, Chief of the Piankeshaw in Ohio, also see Memeskia. Thom

Lamehand, a Chief at the Raisen, War of 1812 (Lossing)

Le Peasant, “Heavy Man”, Ottawa Chief

Captain Lewis

Mackinac, Chief of L Arbre Croche, Principal Ottawa Chief (Eckert)

Mamongesseda, Ojibwe Chief

Memeskia, La Demoiselle, Le Domoiselle – Old Britian, Miami Chief, pro-British, Old Brittain, fought in the French and Indian Wars in Ohio and Pennsylvania, Pickawillany was Memeskias’ village

Ne bom o quay, noted Indian sachem

Nettamop, Otto, Thumb of Michigan, holder of a magnificent war record in WWI

Nissowaquet, Aukewingeketawso, “Defender of His Country”

Nitarikijk, Nippissing Chief

Nocolas, Nicholas, Orontony, the leading Wyandat Chief at Detroit, then at Sandusky and Indiana, organized a coalition of tribes to remove the French from Detroit in 1747, was of the Turtle clan totem

Old Mackinac, Peekwutinong

Ontonagan or Jean Le Blanc, Ottawa Chief

Osandiah, Miami Chief, fought in Pontiac’s battles

Outautagan, Ottawa Chief

Ouilemek, Pottawatomie Chief

Oulouigoushquin, Chief and friend of Colonel De Peyster near Detroit (Askin, vol. II, pg. 407)

General Ely Parker, Donehogaua, born Hasonoanda at Indian Falls New York on the Tonawunda Reservation. A full-blooded Iroquois, born in 1828, who was head of the Indian Bureau, President Grant’s Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The first Indian to hold this office. He was the man who made major reforms and restructuring. He had many enemies in Washington.

He had an encyclopedic mind and was keeper of the western door of the Wolf clan. His maternal grandfather was Jimmy Johnson, Sosohawa, grandson of the prophet “Handsome Lake”. His father was Seneca Chief William Parker, a veteran of the War of 1812. He was grandson of “Disappearing Smoke” (Old King), a prominent figure in early history of the Seneca. He received the Red Jacket Medal, given to Red Jacket by President George Washington in 1792. The medal was inherited by Jimmy Johnson, Parker’s grandfather.

He was Chief of Staff, Military Secretary, and a lifelong friend of Grant’s. He was also a Seneca attorney, engineer, tribal diplomat, and brigadier general of volunteers at Appotomax.

Parker was the major informant for the book League of the Hodenosaunee Iroquois (1851) by Louis Henry Morgan.

It was Parker who penned the final official document that ended the Civil War. He is interred with Red Jacket and his ancestors in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York.

Sigennock, “Blackbird”, Principal Chief before 1812 at Mantoulin Island, Michigan 


Tenskwatawa – The Open Door, The Prophet, brother of Tecumseh. He was born “Loud Noise”, a drunkard who became “Open Door”, a changed man and the Great prophet of the Shawnee who gathered many tribes together at Prophetstown in Greenville Ohio and then at the Tippacanoe River and Wabash River in Indiana. Thoms book, Panther in the Sky, is a wonderful life history of Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa.



The Wolf

Pottawatomi Chiefs of Huron River who sold land to John Askin, John Askin Jr., heirs of Patrick McNiff and John Askwith, Alex Henry, Israel Ruland at River Raisen in 1796. (This grant was declared invalid as lands must be sold through the U.S. Government):

Bandigalkawa, Cabainse, Chawinabai, Chewenisle, Echawet, Keewaidenaham, The Little Otter, Mahimak, Mahingan, Nannie Ou Kuvainim, Ochichalk, Okia, Othesneesa

Chippewa Chiefs of land gifted to John Cornwell, a physician, near Lake St. Clair in 1795 and 1797 were; Nangui, Ochaisie, Omissass, Wasson’s son, Weshebanwai, and Withannesse.

The next time we meet, Cheryl will dig into disease and epidemics. See you in two weeks!



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This book came about after a visit to the library where I could not find local Indian History. I grew up in the St. Clair and Black River area of Michigan, fishing on all the area waters with my father and brothers. I loved books, libraries, horses and puzzles; I was not a tech person. I love to cook, garden, travel, and camp. I was determined to find and share the truth. This has been a difficult journey in every way. I give you, the reader, the truth and blessings I also reaped. Cheryl Morgan

Cheryl Morgan lives near Port Huron, Michigan with her husband Tom and dog Fred.

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